SPV Yoga


What pranayama means?

Pranayama is control of Breath”. “Prana” is Breath or vital energy in the body. On subtle levels prana represents the pranic energy responsible for life or life force, and “ayama” means control. … One can control the rhythms of pranic energy with pranayama and achieve healthy body and mind.
Pranayama is the formal practice of controlling the breath, which is the source of our prana, or vital life force
“There is an intimate connection between the breath, nerve currents and control of the inner prana or vital forces. Prana becomes visible on the physical plane as motion and action, and on the mental plane as thought”
–Swami Sivananda. VIYSS
Pranayama is the formal practice of controlling the breath, which is the source of our prana, or vital life force
“A balanced breath leads to a balanced Mind”.
“There is no greater tapa than Pranayama.
It washes away the impurities and leads to the light of real knowledge”
“Just as the impurities of metals (gold, etc.) are removed by the flame of fire, the Indriyas throw out their impurities through Pranayama”.
The Pranayama is the preliminary exercises of breathing are designed. “Pranayama is control of Breathing”. “Prana” is Breath or vital energy in the body. On subtle levels prana represents the pranic energy responsible for life or life force, and “Ayama” means expansion or stretching.
So Pranayama is “Extension of Breath and its Control”. One can control the rhythms of pranic energy with pranayama and achieve healthy body and mind.
The Patanjali Yoga Sutras mentioned pranayama as means of attaining higher states of awareness, he mentions the holding of breath as important practice of reaching Samadhi. Hatha Yoga also talks about 8 types of pranayama which will make the body and mind healthy.


There are three stages of Pranayama breathing.

1. PURAKA: Inhalation.

Puraka or Inhalation must begin slowly, Puraka also teaches regulating the entire breathing process and reduce the number of inhalations per minute. When inhaling, listen to the sound, keep it smooth and harmonious (Musical way). This will allow air to entire at the same rate throughout the inhalation. Try to inhale deeply but stop when the chest or mind feels strain. Never be too forceful in deepening the breathing. Use light force at the top of the breath.

2. RECHAKA: Exhalation.

Rechaka means exhalation in Pranayama. When exhaling, listen to the sound. The sound should be such that its vibration is uniform throughout the exhalation. Rechaka or exhalation exercises teach slow and ordered breathing besides reducing the number of inhalations and exhalations per minute.


a. Antara Kumbhaka:

Antara Kumbhaka means full of container. It refers to the part of the breath when the lungs are full of air. Once the lungs are filled with air cease forcing it in. could not try too hard when inhaling and as a result strain the nervous system. This can shorten the time of practitioner is able to retain after inhalation. Using too much force when entering this Kumbhaka results in a negative effect on the exhalation. “There is a wonderful euphoric (joy full) feeling when the lungs are completely full. It is a time of illumination and bliss”.

b. Bahya Kumbhaka:

“There is a deep change in the mind waves when the lungs are completely empty. It is a time of deep detachment”. Bahya Kumbhaka refers to the time after exhalation and before inhalation. It is the time when the lungs have little or on air. In advance stages, the lungs are completely emptied but in the earlier stages it is much more fruitful to allow a little air to remain in the lungs.

c. Kevala Kumbhaka:

Kevala Kumbhaka or Sahaja Kumbhaka is natural retention of breath. It implies holding the breath with no particular state of respiration in consideration. Kevala Kumbhaka is one of the final stages of yoga parallel with the state of Samadhi.


Pranayama is the art of breath manipulation and energy balance. It involves breathing techniques practiced in thousands of different ways since ancient times. It is the science of breath.
Pranayama begins with the regulation of breath and ends in establishing full and perfect control over the life-currents or inner vital forces. “Breathing is the king of the Mind” – By B.K.S Iyengar.
“When the breath wanders the mind also is unsteady. But when the breath is calmed the mind too will be still, and the yogi achieves long life. Therefore, one should learn to control the breath” – By Svatmarama

Hatha yoga Pradipika.

We can possibly survive without food for a few weeks and without water for a few days. But without breathing, we can survive for only a matter of minutes. Human being’s breath about 15 times per minutes and 21,600 times per day. The breath is the most vital process of the body. It influences the activities of each and every cell. It is intimately linked with the performance of the cell.
Most of the people breathe incorrectly. The breathing is then generally shallow, depriving the body of oxygen and prana essential to its good health.


Nadis are astral tubes made up of astral that carry Pranic currents. They can be seen by the astral eyes only. They are not the nerves. We breathe through both the right and the left Nostrils. This activity is performed through two separate Channels in the nose, they called as
We must understand that the objective of Pranayama is to affect the proper balance between Ida and Pingala to gain spiritual upliftment through the attainment of light and knowledge from the Sushumna Nadi and proper balance among this three Nadis provides good health and strength.


This is a preparatory breathing practice for Pranayama. It corrects the wrong breathing pattern and increases the vital capacity of the lungs. It has three sections.

Abdominal (Diaphragmatic) Breathing (Adhama):

Abdominal or diaphragmatic breathing is practiced by enhancing the action of the diaphragm and minimizing the action of the ribcage. During inhalation, the diaphragm moves downward, pushing the abdominal contents downward and outward. During exhalation, the diaphragm moves upward and the abdominal contents move inward.


The proper use of the diaphragm causes expansion of the alveoli, improves lung function, massages the liver, stomach, intestines and other organs that lie immediately beneath it, exerts a positive effect on the cardiac functions and coronary supply and improves oxygenation of the blood and circulation.


In abdominal breathing the air fills the lower lobes of the lungs. Avoid movement of the chest.


The semireclining (as shown) and Fowler’s positions are comfortable, relaxed positions ir teach diaphragmatic breathing
1. Improves blood oxygenation – allows more efficient gas exchange to take place
3. ‘Massages’ the abdominal organs – improving digestion
2. Reduces stress (cortisol) levels – activates the ‘rest and digest response
4. Relieves tension in the neck and shoulders and contributes to good posture

Thoracic (Intercostal) Breathing (Madhyama):

Thoracic breathing utilizes the middle lobes of the lungs by expanding and contracting the rib cage. It expends more energy than abdominal breathing for the same quantity of air exchange.
This breathing happens with physical exercise and exertion, as well as stress and tension, when it helps the body to obtain more oxygen. However, the tendency is to continue this type of breathing long after the stressful situation has passed, creating bed breathing habits and continued tension.


A positive side effect is that the muscles between the ribs are worked making the upper body suppler.


Avoid movements of abdomen.

Clavicular Breathing (Adya):

Clavicular breathing is the final stage of total rib cage expansion. It occurs after the thoracic inhalation has been completed. In order to absorb a little more air into the lungs, the upper ribs and the collar bone are pulled upwards by the muscles of the neck and throat. This requires maximum expansion on inhalation and only the upper lobes of the lungs are ventilated.
In daily life, clavicular breathing is only used under conditions of extreme physical exertion and when experiencing obstructive airway diseases such as asthma.

Clavicular Breathing (Chest Breathing)



Clavicular breathing is not effective on its own but incorporated into a full yogic breath, can have positive health affects including strengthening various areas of the lungs.


Try and avoid movements of the abdomen and chest.

Full yogic Breathing:

Full Yogic Breathing combines the previous three techniques. It is used to maximize inhalation and exhalation. Its purpose is to gain control of the breath, correct poor breathing habits and increase oxygen intake. It may be practiced at any time and is especially useful in situations of high stress or anger for calming the nerves. However, while its inclusion in a daily yoga program will correct and deepen natural breathing patterns, yogic breathing itself should not be performed continually.


The purpose of this practice is to make the practitioner aware of the three different components of respiration (Abdominal, Thoracic and Clavicular) and incorporate them into full yogic breathing.
Even 10 Minutes of full yogic breathing daily can work wonders.


The whole process should be relaxing and comfortable, without any tension in the face.


There are about 50 types of Pranayama which are described in the yoga Shastras.
The following Pranayama are practicing commonly.



Sit in any meditative posture or any comfortable sitting posture with head and spine straight. Close the eyes and relax the whole body.


It lowers the high blood pressure Beneficial for anxiety and mental tension. It is a cooling breathing practice The body becomes cool It will help to calm down the mind Do not practice in winter.


Time taken for exhalation should be longer than Inhalation. Anxiety patients may practice this Pranayama 27 rounds before breakfast, Lunch, Dinner and before sleep (4 times a day)



It increases the heat in the body Purifies the blood and improves digestion. Cures the problem of gas in the abdominal region Beneficial for depression patients and weight reduction


Avoid this Pranayama practice during summer. Not recommended for anxiety, high blood pressure, heart disease and underweight persons.


This helps in curing chronic cold, cough, sinusitis and tension headaches. Also increase the digestive fire.


This is a breathing technique in which air is drawn into the lungs through the right nostril and out through the left. It is said that the air moves through energy lines called nadis. In this breathing exercise air moves in through the Surya (Sun) Nadi or Pingala energy line on the inhalation and through the Chandra (Moon Nadi) Ida on the exhalation


People suffering from heart disease, hypertension or epilepsy should not practice this pranayama.


A literal translation of the term Nadi Siddhi means ‘the purification of the invisible energy channels’.
Nadi Suddhi Pranayama is also referred to as alternate Nostril Breathing.
Nadi Shodhana Pranayama is performed by inhaling through one nostril and exhaling through the opposite nostril.
Then inhaling through the same nostril that was used in exhalation and switching nostrils after each inhalation. So, get the flow of air in Nadi Shodhana is by inhaling through the left nostril, exhaling through the right nostril, inhaling through the right nostril, exhaling through left nostril.



The word “Ujjayi Pranayama” made from the Sanskrit prefix “ud” and “ji” “ujji”, Ujjayi which means “Victory”, “one who is victorious”. Thus, the Ujjayi breath means “victorious breath”. The process of Inhalation (breath in) and exhalation (breathe out) are both done through the nostrils. During the process of Inhalation (breathe in or Poorak) the “ocean like sound” is formed by moving the glottis as air passes in and out.
The sound is produced because of the friction of air within the throat; a typical sound like the ocean is made. (The sound is completely different from the sound emitted from the larynx) hence, the Pranayama is termed as Ujjayi Pranayama. By this it is also called as “Sound Breath” or “Ocean sound breath”.

Ujjayi Breathing




Bhramari Pranayama is made from the Hindi word “Bhramar” in Indian language) which means Bumble Bee and the meaning of Pranayama is breathing technique so it can also be called ‘bee breath’.
In Bhramari Pranayama the exhalation sound is very resembles to the humming sound of a bee, by this it is named as Bhramari pranayama.




Shitali means cooling.
This pranayama cools the system and hence the name. It can be practiced at any time, at any place and whenever necessary.



“The air passing via tongue, cools the blood, lowering the temperature of the blood. This type of Pranayama removes excess heat in the body. Also the diseases like acidity, hypertension etc. This Pranayama harmonizes the secretions of reproductive organs and all the endocrine system. Also it improves digestion, lowers High Blood pressure, purifies the blood”. UTTER NONSENSE?


Sit in any meditative posture or any comfortable sitting posture with head and spine straight. Close the eyes and relax the whole body and breathe deeply



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